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MessagePosté le: Mer 13 Aoû - 09:24 (2014) Sujet du message: While the precise role of B RAF mutations in oncogen esis i Répondre en citant

 All cell lines were mycoplasma free when periodically Ivacaftor 873054-44-5 tested using a Mycoalert Mycoplasma Detection Kit. Cell cultures were maintained at 37 C in a humidified atmosphere of 5% CO2 and passaged into new flasks as needed. Information of the mutational status of the cell lines used in the study has been previously described. Growth assays For short term growth assays, melanoma cell lines were seeded in 96 well plates. The following day, the cells were treated in duplicate with dabrafenib, AKTi or the combination in 10 fold serial dilutions starting from 10 uM for 72 120 hours depending on each cell lines specific growth rate. Cell viability was measured by using the CellTiter GLO Luminescent Cell Viability assay. The IC50 values were de termined by interpolation from the dose response curve.

Each Panobinostat LBH589 experiment was repeated at least three times and the average of minimum two is presented. In long term assays, cells were seeded in 96 well plates. To study delays in emergence of resistance, the cells were treated with 200 nM dabrafenib alone or in combination with 2 nM trametinib or the combination of all three drugs including 2. 5 uM AKTi. In another setup, cells were treated with dabrafenib and trametinib at the above mentioned concentrations and upon development of resistance to these two drugs, trametinib was replaced with 2. 5 uM AKTi. Culture media containing the drugs was changed once a week. Growth of the cells was moni tored and upon confluence of some wells, a gradient of the cells were plated to be used as a reference for the cell num ber.

One hour before cell viability was determined using a tetrazolium compound. Blots were blocked and probed with primary antibodies in 5% milk or 5% bovine serum albumin in 1% Tween 20 phosphate LY2109761 価格 buffered saline, washed with PBS tween three times and incu bated with horse radish linked secondary antibodies. Pri mary antibodies included p AKT Ser473 and Thr308, AKT, p S6K Thr389, S6K, p S6 Ser235 236, S6, p 4EBP 1, 4EBP 1, p GSK 3B, GSK 3B and GAPDH. The immunoreactivity was visu alized by use of an ECL 2 kit and scanning of the blots by a Typhoon scanner. Quantification of pro tein levels from western blot analysis was done using ImageQuant software. Cell cycle and apoptosis analysis Cells were seeded at a density of 200,000 cells well in 6 well plates.

The following day, the culture medium was replaced by medium containing DMSO, 1 uM staur osporine, 50 nM dabrafe nib, 2. 5 uM AKTi or the combination. After 48 hours of exposure to the drugs, both adherent and floating cells were harvested by trypsinization and fixed for 20 minutes with Cytofix Cytoperm solution. For apoptosis, cells were stained with Alexa Flour700 linked anti cleaved PARP antibody for 30 minutes. Next, for cell cycle analysis, the cells were washed with Perm Wash be fore resuspended in 3 uM DAPI solution diluted in PBS containing 1% bovine serum albumin at a concentration of 1 × 106 cells mL. Flow cytometry was per formed on a LSR II and data was analyzed using FlowJo. Cell death detection ELISA Melanoma cell lines were treated in triplicate with DMSO, 50 nM dabrafenib, 2.

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MessagePosté le: Mer 13 Aoû - 09:24 (2014) Sujet du message: Publicité

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